Ngam ngoi cuoi tuan: Sai mot ly

(TT&VH) - 1. Ca dao tuc ngu Viet Nam da tung duoc cac nha suu tam nghien cuu dan gian tim hieu gioi thieu kha ki cang ma roi trong cuoc song khi van dung van xay ra nhieu sai lac, co khi lac qua nguyen goc thanh vo li ma nguoi ta cu noi cu viet nhu khong.

Vi du khi lam xong cai nha, nhap nha moi, nguoi dan bua tran yem lam au, cai dan phia Dong lai dan sang phia Tay, moi bao la “dan bua lon keo”. Bay gio thanh ra thanh ngu “dan bua l. meo” dung tuc va vo nghia ma nguoi ta cu noi ma khong biet la nham.

Ngam ngoi cuoi tuan: Sai mot ly

Mot cau nua: “Co tien mua tien cung duoc/ Khong tien mua duoc cung khong bi bien thanh: "Co tien mua tien cung duoc/ Khong tien mua luoc cung khong”. Sai lech o day la chu “duoc” va “luoc”. Khong tien thi gia ban co duoc cung khong mua duoc. Da khong tien thi con mua cai gi duoc nua, huong ho noi chuyen mua luoc.

Cau “Trau du mat ho/ Cho du mat hang xom” bi bien thanh “Dau du mat ho/ cho du mat lang gieng”. Trau du thi bao “ho” (dung lai) no cung khong nghe. The la mat ho... Thi o day trau thanh dau (con dau), dau ma du tinh la mat ho hang nhu choi! Toan bo thanh ngu nay bi bien nghia khac hoan toan. Xua nao co nguoi dan que nao vi con dau voi cho bao gio!

Cau: “Venh vao nhu kho ro phai lam” bi bien thanh “Venh vao nhu bo vo phai dam” thi bien nghia mot cach hoan toan. Ngay xua nguoi dan que thuong dong kho bang vai ro (vai det tho). Khi di loi ruong, bun lam lem vao. Luc kho bun cung lai venh ben no veo ben kia, ho hang co the, trong thanh tro cuoi nen moi co cau do.

Cau “Bam anh em xa, mua lang gieng gan” la cach nghi va ung xu moi quan he rat nhan van trong nha ngoai ngo bi bien thanh: “Ban anh em xa? Mua lang gieng gan”. “Bam” bien thanh “ban”, thi qua la sai mot li, di mot dam, chi vi nghi chu “ban” doi voi chu “mua”!

Cau ca dao: “Chang thom cung the hoa nhai/ Dau khong lich cung van nguoi Trang An” bi dung mot cach pho bien hien nay la “Chang thom cung the hoa lai/ Dau khong thanh lich cung nguoi Trang An”. Lich o day la lich lam, lich thiep, ham y rong hon, thanh lich thi la ve be ngoai.

2. Co lan toi di du mot lop pho bien ve moi truong, bao cao vien bao rang nguyen cau cua cua moi truong cua the gioi la giu cho moi truong “xanh va sach”, thi Viet Nam nha ta sang kien nhoi them: “xanh- sach- dep”. Chu dep o day thua, vi tieu chi ve moi truong la mau xanh, va khong gian sach la day du.

Dung la ta chang giong ai!

Con co the tim ra nhieu vi du nua ve viec de dai trong khi dung thanh ngu tuc ngu. Tuy vay cung de phat hien thoi. Khi nghe thay vo ly hoac tho thien thi can tim cach tra cuu de nhan dien ra nguyen goc chu dung viet theo thoi quen.

Bai va tranh minh hoa: Do Duc

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